Tag Archives: brown

Acacia Catechu

Acacia Catechu

English name: Black Catechu

Sankrit name: Khadir

Family: Fabaceae – Mimosoideae

Part used: Bark

Traditional uses: In Ayurvedic medicine, Acacia leaves, flowers, and pods have long been used to expel worms, to staunch bleeding, heal wounds, and suppress the coughing up of blood. Its strong astringent action is used to contract and toughen mucous membranes throughout the body in much the same way as witch hazel or oak bark.

Black Catechu is used internally for chronic catarrh of the mucous membranes, dysentery, and bleeding. In Chinese medicine it is used for poorly healing ulcers, weeping skin diseases, oral ulcers with bleeding, and traumatic injuries.

A small piece of cutch can be dissolved in the mouth to stop bleeding gums or heal canker sores. In Ayurvedic medicine, decoctions of the bark and heartwood are used for sore throats.

Decoctions made from the powdered leaves, stems, and pods are taken for shigella, malaria, dysentery, and diarrhea. The brew is both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.

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Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus is a Perennial, semi-aquatic and smelly plant, found in both temperate and subtemperate zones. It is upto 6 feet tall, aromatic, sword-shaped leaves and small, yellow/green flowers with branched rhizome.

Rhizome horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed, spongy within, 1.25-2.5 cm in thickness, pale to dark brown or ocassionally orange-brown in colour, leaves grass-like or sword shaped, long and slender flowers small, yellow-green, in spadix; berries green, angular,1-3 seeded; seeds oblong.

Traditional uses: It is a stimulating nervine antispasmodic, and a general tonic to the mind. As a rejuvenative for the brain and nervous system, it is used to promote cerebral circulation, to stimulate self-expression, and to help manage a wide range of symptoms in the head, including neuralgia, epilepsy, memory loss and shock.

It is used in the Phillipines for rheumatism and memory problems. In Korea, it is an ingredient in a type of moonshine called Immortals’ Booze.

Research in China has shown the essential oil in this rhizome to be sedating and neuroprotectant.

Scientific name: Acorus calamus

Sanskrit name: Vacha

Family: Araceae

Plant part used: Roots

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Bupleurum sinensis

Bupleurum sinensis

Bupleurum sinensis extract
Appearance Brown-yellow powder
Part of used: Root
Appearance: Brown-yellow powder
Botanical Source: The root of Bupleurum chinense DC
GMP factory
Product Name : Bupleurum sinensis extract
Appearance: Brown-yellow powder
Botanical Source : The root of Bupleurum chinense DC. (Fam. Umbelliferae). Customarily called ” Bei chaihu”(North Chinese Thorowax Root).

Category : Standard Herb Extracts

Description :
Bupleurum grows in China and is cultivated throughout the central and eastern parts of that country. Bupleurum is also found in other parts of Asia and in Europe. Bupleurum is propagated from seed in spring or by root division in autumn and requires well-drained soil and plenty of sun. The root is unearthed in spring and autumn. Distribution mainly in Chinese provinces such as Hebei, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Henan and Shaanxi.

Action and uses :
Bupleurum is used as a tonic, strengthening the action of the digestive tract, improving liver function, and helping to push blood to the surface of the body. Recent research in China has confirmed traditional use, showing that bupleurum protects the liver.

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Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract

Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract

Brown-red or Yellow brown fine powder

Name: Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract
Manufactory
Product Name: Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract
Botanical Name: Hawthorn .

Part Used: Fruit

Active Ingredients: Hawthorn Flavones

Appearance: Brown-red or Yellow –brown fine powder

Test Method: UV

Function:

1. Improves blood supply to the heart by dilating the coronary blood vessels

2. Inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), reducing the amount of stress placed on the heart.

3. Improves metabolic processes in the heart

4. Prevents atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

5. Lowers blood pressure

Storage Situation : Stored in a cool and dry well-closed container, keep away from moisture and strong light / heat.

Shelf Life : two years under well Storage situation and stored away from direct sun light.

Properties:

The herb is sour and sweet in flavour, slightly warm in nature, and acts on the spleen, stomach and liver channels. Acting on the spleen and stomach for relieving stagnated food, strengthening the spleen and inducing appetite, the herb is good at digesting accumulated fatty food and meat as well as stagnated milk in children.

Acting on the liver channel and blood for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, the herb is used to treat pains due to blood stasis.Effects: Relieving stagnated food, promoting blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis.

Indications:

1. To treat stagnated meat, distention and fullness in the stomach and abdomen, greasy fur and oppressive chest, the herb can be used in combination with medicated leaven, germinated barley and areca seed for strengthening the effect of relieving stagnated food.

To treat diarrhea, dysentery and abdominal pain, the herb is often stir-baked charred and decocted for oral use, or used in combination with aucklandia root, coptis root and other herbs.

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Bitter Apricot Seed

Bitter Apricot Seed

 

Source
The mature seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu Maxim. (Fam. Rosaceae).

Distribution
Mainly in Chinese provinces such as Liaoning, Hebei,and Shandong, and in Inner Mongolia. Mostly naturally grown; also cultivated.

Harvest & Processing
Collect fruits after maturation in summer; remove sarcocarp and husks; take out seeds; dry under the sun. Commonly used in Hong Kong are the seeds with the testa removed, called ‘ Beixing’ (North Bitter Apricot Seed).

Description
Flattened and cordate (heart-shaped); 1-1.9 cm long, 0.8-1.5 cm wide, 5-8 mm thick. Apex slightly pointed; base obtuse; two sides asymmetrical. Testa thin, brown to dull brown, with irregular wrinkles; one edge of the apex with a hilum, base with an elliptical chalaza; between hilum and chalaza is a raphe; numerous dark brown venous (vein-like) striae radiating from chalaza.

When seeds are soaked in warm boiled water and testa removed, 2 white cotyledons are exposed; cotyledons highly oleaginous (oily), with relatively small radicle and plumule at apex. Odourless; taste: bitter.

Indications
1. Cough
2. Constipation

Chemical Composition
Mainly contains amygdalin, chlorogenic acid, 3′-feruloylguinic acid, 3′-p-coumaroylquinic acid etc.

Note
According to C.P., also used for medicinal purposes is the mature seed of P. sibirica L., of P. mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne and of P. armeniaca L.

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Boswellia Serrata

Boswellia Serrata

English name: Olibanum, Frankincense

Sanskrit name: Sallaki

Family: Burseraceae

Part used: Gum

Traditional uses: The gum is credited with astringent, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic, stomachic, emmenagogue and antiseptic properties.

It is reported to be useful in ulcers, tumours, goitre. It is used in the preparation of an ointment for sores and is used with butter in syphilis.

The gum resin is sweet, bitter, astringent, antipyretic, antidysenteric, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic, and emmenagogue.

It is useful in fevers, diaphoresis, convulsions, dysentery, urethrorrhea, orchiopathy, bronchitis, asthma, cough, stomatitis, syphilitic diseases, chronic laryngitis, jaundice and arthritis.

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