Tag Archives: chemical composition

Tea

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Tea

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Tea Folium Camelliae

(England) Tea

Alias – Tea.

Source – the camellia plants of tea Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze of young leaves or buds.

Plant Morphology – evergreen shrubs or small trees, high-1 ~ 6m. Twig and leaves are photogenic powder hair. Leaves alternate, thin-coriaceous, oval-shaped lanceolate to oval-shaped, long 4 ~ 10cm, width 2 ~ 3.5cm, apex acute or obtuse angle while the Weiao, producing wedge-shaped base, jagged edges; petiole short. Flowers solitary or 2 axillary, few 3 ~ 4 axillary, diameter 2.5 ~ 3.5cm; pedicel length 6 ~ 10mm, slightly drooping; sepal 5 ~ 6, when the accommodation deposit fruit; petals 5 ~ 8, round, white; ovary win, and three rooms, there is soft hair, style co-sheng, stigmas 3 crack. Capsules, or showed three round-shaped, each room there is a seed. Flowering 9 to 10 months, fruiting period in November.

South of the country of origin is now a wider cultivation.

Collect and process – 4 ~ 5 month in planting more than 3 years on the picking of tea leaves on the sprouts, fried bake, rub to dry.

Characters – leaves often curled, broken, complete person oval or broad lanceolate, leaf margin printed jagged, smooth upper surface hairless, lower surface slightly furry, leathery, petiole short. Gas fragrant and good fitness and taste bitter.

Chemical composition – containing caffeine (caffeine), theophylline (theophylline), cocoa beans alkali (theobromine), yellow purine (xanthine), tannins, volatile oil, quercetin, vitamin C, carotene, dihydro-ergosterol.

Of taste – slightly cold, bitter, sweet.

Indication – convergence, diuretic, refreshing. For Shenpi more sleep, headache and head faint, polydipsia, urine negative, alcohol poisoning.

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Rose

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Rose

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Flos Rosae Rugosae

Alias – Lake flowers, Rosa flowers.

Sources – for the Rosaceae Rose Rosa rugosa Thunb.’s Bud.

Plant Morphology – deciduous shrub, height of about 2m. Stem and branches are Picts, glandular, and dense was fluff. Alternate pinnate compound leaf; lobule 5 ~ 9, oval-shaped or oval-shaped obovate, long 2 ~ 5cm, fine serrated edge, the following are off-white soft dense hair, and glands; petiole, leaf axis villi, bristle and Picts ; stipule most attached to the petiole, the edge glandular spots; petiole often into the front of the base of the thorn of Health. Flowers solitary or several poly-Duo-sheng, a thick aroma; sepals 5, lanceolate; petals 5 or plena, purple to white; stamens majority of the receptacle was born on the edge of the faceplate; pistil majority of packages in the receptacle inside. Rosa fruit bian spherical, brick red, diameter of 2 ~ 2.5cm, florescence 5 ~ 8 months, fruit Issue 6 September.

Born in hills, valleys, around the cultivation. Distributed in the north-east and Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

Collect and process – will be open during spring and early summer flowers picked in batches, timely low-temperature drying.

Characters – showed massive hemispherical or irregular groups, diameter 1 ~ 2.5cm. Receptacle hemispherical, with the calyx base Hopson; sepals 5, lanceolate, yellow-green or brownish green, was the photogenic powder hair; petals more shrinkage, flattening after the wide-ovate, showing tile-shaped arrangement of fragrant, purple or brownish red. Body of light, crisp. Gas-rich aroma.

Chemical composition – containing volatile oil, mainly benzene, alcohol (phenylethanol), citronellol (citronellol), Long Geraniol (Geraniol), neroli (nerol), eugenol.

Of taste – and warm, sweet, slightly bitter flavor.

Indication – Qi Jieyu, and blood pain. For hepatogastric gas pain, eat less Oue, irregular menstruation, pain or flutter.

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Ganoderma Lucidum

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Ganoderma Lucidum

English

Lucid Ganoderma

Alias
Ganoderma lucidum, red-zhi, wood fungus, fungus Ganoderma lucidum, years mushroom, Ganoderma grass
Source
Section fungus Ganoderma lucidum for the porous grate Ganoderma Iucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst. Fruiting bodies of
Plant morphology
Cap suberin, kidney-shaped, reddish brown, purpurin or dark purple, with lacquer-like luster, there are circular ribs and radial wrinkles, size and shape vary greatly, large individual cap for the 20 × 10cm, thickness about 2cm, usually an individual for the 4 × 3cm, thickness 0.5 ~ 1cm, following numerous small holes, pipe mouth was white or light brown, each containing 4 mm 5, pipe mouth circular, inner wall of hymenium, spores burden arising from the top. Stipe lateral, few side-sheng, longer than cap diameter, purple-brown to black, there are paint-like gloss, hard. Spores oval, 8 ~ 11 × 7cm, wall layers, wall brown, surface with small warts, outer wall colorless and transparent.
Summer and autumn was born more than broad-leaved trees of the wood piles next to the forest, or wood, timber and fallen trees, sometimes born in conifers, there are cultivated. Produced in Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi.
Collect and process
Can be taken throughout the year, dried.
Characters
Morphological See “Plant Morphology.” Gas special, slightly bitter taste
Chemical Composition
Main-containing amino acids, peptides, proteins, fungal lysozyme (fungal lysozyme), as well as sugars (reducing sugars and polysaccharides), ergosterol, triterpenes, coumarin glycoside, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloids, vitamin B2 and C, etc.; spores also contain mannitol, trehalose (trehalose), etc.
Of taste
Warm in nature, unleavened
Indication
Strong tonic. For the brain, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, kidney

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Mimosa

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Mimosa

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Herba Mimosae Pudicae

(United Kingdom) Sensitiveplant Herb

Alias – sexual shame grass, grass induction.

Sources – for the legumes Mimosa Mimosa pudica L. in the whole plant.

Plant morphology – or semi-perennial shrub, up to 1m. Multi-branched stem, Bianti scattered hair or sharp thorn barb. 2 back to pinnate compound leaf, pinna 2 ~ 4, palmate arrangement, lobular 14 ~ 48, long round, long 6 ~ 11mm, width 1.5 ~ 2mm, edge and veins are bristle; petiole length 1.5 ~ 4cm; stipule lanceolate, with bristle. Capitulum long-round, 2 to 3 axillary; flowers small, pale red; calyx bell-shaped, there are eight small calyx teeth; petals 4, base-Sheng; stamens 4, out on the outside petals. Pod flat, edge bristle, with 3 ~ 4 pod sections, each 2 seed, mature, between season off. Flowering 3 ~ 10 months, fruit phase 5 in November.

Born in the hillside jungle, roadsides, wetlands; have cultivated. Distributed in the East, South, Southwest.

Collect and process – in summer and autumn harvest, wash, dry.

Chemical composition – containing mimosine glycosides (mimoside), crocetin (crocetin); pre-test with glycosides, phenols, amino acids, organic acids.

Of taste – slightly cold, sweet, astringent; a little poison.

Indication – soothe the nerves calm, Sanyu pain, bleeding convergence. Used for neurasthenia, bruises, hemoptysis, shingles.

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Cordyceps

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Cordyceps

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Cordyceps

(United Kingdom) Chinense Caterpillar Fungus

Alias – Chinese caterpillar fungus, cordyceps, winter worm summer grass.

Source – Bureau for the ergot fungus fungus fungus Cordyceps sinensis Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Parasitic insects, bats, moths Hepialidae Hepialus armoricanus Oberthur child seat on the overwintering larvae and the larvae of the body complex.

Plant morphology – Sub-seat single-sheng, dilute 2 to 3, from the host head, give birth, long 4 ~ 11cm, base diameter of 1.5 ~ 4mm, upwards gradually narrow and thin, his head swollen into a nearly cylindrical shape, brown, long a ~ 4.5 cm, diameter 2.5 ~ 6mm. Perithecia near the surface of-sheng, a little caught in the child seat base, the oval-shaped to oval.

Born in 3000 ~ 4000m altitude alpine meadow soil. Primary production in Sichuan, and Yunnan.

Collect and process – 6 ~ July child seat unearthed ascospores does not diverge when harvesting, drying, or low-temperature drying.

Characters – parasites like silkworms, long 3 ~ 5cm, diameter of 3 ~ 8mm; head, reddish-brown, long a child seat; deep yellow to yellow-brown chest and abdomen, chest section 3, three pairs of thoracic feet, abdominal section 10, gastropods 5 pairs of the central 4 on the obvious; surface areas 20 to 30; crisp yellow section. Sub-Block slender cylindrical, slightly twisted, long 3 ~ 7 (11) cm, diameter 1.5 ~ 4mm, surface, gray-brown to brown color, with fine longitudinal wrinkles, head slightly enlarged; qualitative flexibility, cross-section class white, like fiber like. Gas micro-fishy taste, slightly bitter flavor.

Chemical composition – containing crude protein, amino acids, D-mannitol that is, “Chinese caterpillar fungus acid”, cordycepin (3′-deoxyadenosin, cordycepin), ergosterol, galactomannan, uracil, adenine and so on.

Sexual Flavor – nature, sweet.

Indication – Bufei kidney, bleeding phlegm. For chronic cough virtual asthma, labor cough hemoptysis, impotence and nocturnal emission, waist and knee pain.

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Wolfberry

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Wolfberry

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Wolfberry

Fructus Lyeii

(United Kingdom) Barbary Wolfberry Fruit

Alias – West wolfberry, white thorn, mountain wolfberry, white pimple pin.

Sources – for the Solanaceae plant in Ningxia wolfberry Lycium barbarum L. fruits.

Plant Morphology – thick shrubs, sometimes into small tree-like, high up to 25cm, there are thorns. Single leaf alternate or a few pieces have arisen on the spur, the long oval-shaped Egg lanceolate or oblong, long 2 ~ 3cm, width 2 ~ 6mm, and the next extension of the base into a wedge-shaped handle, full margin. Flowers axillary, often clustered in a ~ a few duo spur on; calyx cup; Corolla funnel-shaped, pink or purple. Berry oval, length 10 ~ 20mm, diameter of 5 ~ 10mm, red. Flowering 5 September, rainbow period of 7 October.

Born in the hillside, fields sunny dry place. Primary production in Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.

Collect and process – in summer and autumn harvest when the fruit was orange-red, drying to the skin-fold again after exposure to the skin dry hard, pulp soft, remove stems.

Characters – oval-shaped fruit, long 6 ~ 18mm, diameter of 6 ~ 8mm. The surface of bright red or dark red, with irregular wrinkles, slight gloss, the top marks have Style, and the other side there is stems marks. Quality Gentle, flesh thick, sticky, containing seeds of 25 ~ 50. Seeds flat kidney-shaped, long to 2.5mm, width from 2mm, khaki-colored. Gas micro, sweet and slightly acid.

Chemical composition – containing betaine (detaine), zeaxanthin (zeaxanthine), acid red pulp elements (physalein), wolfberry polysaccharides, carotene, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C and so on.

Sexual Flavor – nature, sweet.

Indication – nourishing liver and kidney, smart head. Consumption From fine for the loss, waist and knee pain, dizziness tinnitus, heat Diabetes, blood deficiency chlorosis, head faint unknown.

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