Tag Archives: constituents

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus is a Perennial, semi-aquatic and smelly plant, found in both temperate and subtemperate zones. It is upto 6 feet tall, aromatic, sword-shaped leaves and small, yellow/green flowers with branched rhizome.

Rhizome horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed, spongy within, 1.25-2.5 cm in thickness, pale to dark brown or ocassionally orange-brown in colour, leaves grass-like or sword shaped, long and slender flowers small, yellow-green, in spadix; berries green, angular,1-3 seeded; seeds oblong.

Traditional uses: It is a stimulating nervine antispasmodic, and a general tonic to the mind. As a rejuvenative for the brain and nervous system, it is used to promote cerebral circulation, to stimulate self-expression, and to help manage a wide range of symptoms in the head, including neuralgia, epilepsy, memory loss and shock.

It is used in the Phillipines for rheumatism and memory problems. In Korea, it is an ingredient in a type of moonshine called Immortals’ Booze.

Research in China has shown the essential oil in this rhizome to be sedating and neuroprotectant.

Scientific name: Acorus calamus

Sanskrit name: Vacha

Family: Araceae

Plant part used: Roots

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Adhatoda Vasica

Adhatoda Vasica

Justicia adhatoda L. (Adulsa, Malabar Nut) is a medicinal plant native to Asia.

The plant grows wild in abundance all over Nepal, India, and the Pothohar region of Pakistan, particularly in the Pharwala area.

Botanical Name: Adhatoda vasica, Justicia adhatoda

English name: Malabar nut

Sanskrit name: Vasaka

Family: Acanthaceae

Part used: Leaves

Traditional uses: The plant is recommended for a variety of ailments such as bronchitis, asthma, fever, jaundice etc.

The leaves & roots are efficacious in coughs, arthritis, diarrhoea & dysentery and have the best haemostatic quality. Leaves are anti-inflammatory, analgesic, effective in skin disorders, cardiotonic.

This is one of the most potent anti tuberculosis drug. Vasicine is also reported for its anthelmintic and weak hypotensive activity.

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