Tag Archives: fruit

Rose

roses-18-l

Rose

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Flos Rosae Rugosae

Alias – Lake flowers, Rosa flowers.

Sources – for the Rosaceae Rose Rosa rugosa Thunb.’s Bud.

Plant Morphology – deciduous shrub, height of about 2m. Stem and branches are Picts, glandular, and dense was fluff. Alternate pinnate compound leaf; lobule 5 ~ 9, oval-shaped or oval-shaped obovate, long 2 ~ 5cm, fine serrated edge, the following are off-white soft dense hair, and glands; petiole, leaf axis villi, bristle and Picts ; stipule most attached to the petiole, the edge glandular spots; petiole often into the front of the base of the thorn of Health. Flowers solitary or several poly-Duo-sheng, a thick aroma; sepals 5, lanceolate; petals 5 or plena, purple to white; stamens majority of the receptacle was born on the edge of the faceplate; pistil majority of packages in the receptacle inside. Rosa fruit bian spherical, brick red, diameter of 2 ~ 2.5cm, florescence 5 ~ 8 months, fruit Issue 6 September.

Born in hills, valleys, around the cultivation. Distributed in the north-east and Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

Collect and process – will be open during spring and early summer flowers picked in batches, timely low-temperature drying.

Characters – showed massive hemispherical or irregular groups, diameter 1 ~ 2.5cm. Receptacle hemispherical, with the calyx base Hopson; sepals 5, lanceolate, yellow-green or brownish green, was the photogenic powder hair; petals more shrinkage, flattening after the wide-ovate, showing tile-shaped arrangement of fragrant, purple or brownish red. Body of light, crisp. Gas-rich aroma.

Chemical composition – containing volatile oil, mainly benzene, alcohol (phenylethanol), citronellol (citronellol), Long Geraniol (Geraniol), neroli (nerol), eugenol.

Of taste – and warm, sweet, slightly bitter flavor.

Indication – Qi Jieyu, and blood pain. For hepatogastric gas pain, eat less Oue, irregular menstruation, pain or flutter.

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Bilberry

bilberry

Bilberry

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Introduction

This fact sheet provides basic information about bilberry—common names, uses, potential side effects, and resources for more information. Bilberry is a relative of the blueberry, and its fruit is commonly used to make pies and jams. It has been used for nearly 1,000 years in traditional European medicine. Bilberry grows in North America, Europe, and northern Asia.

Common Names—bilberry, European blueberry, whortleberry, huckleberry

Latin NamesVaccinium myrtillus

What It Is Used For

  • Historically, bilberry fruit was used to treat diarrhea, scurvy, and other conditions.
  • Today, the fruit is used to treat diarrhea, menstrual cramps, eye problems, varicose veins, venous insufficiency (a condition in which the veins do not efficiently return blood from the legs to the heart), and other circulatory problems.
  • Bilberry leaf is used for entirely different conditions, including diabetes.

How It Is Used

The fruit of the bilberry plant can be eaten or made into extracts. Similarly, the leaves of the bilberry plant can be made into extracts or used to make teas.

What the Science Says

  • Some claim that bilberry fruit improves night vision, but clinical studies have not shown this to be true.
  • There is not enough scientific evidence to support the use of bilberry fruit or leaf for any health conditions.

Side Effects and Cautions

  • Bilberry fruit is considered safe. However, high doses of bilberry leaf or leaf extract are considered unsafe due to possible toxic side effects.
  • Tell your health care providers about any complementary and alternative practices you use. Give them a full picture of what you do to manage your health. This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.

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Thunder Ball – Omphalia Lapidescens Schroet

Thunder Ball – Omphalia Lapidescens Schroet

Thunder Ball is the dried sclerotium of Omphalia lapidescens Schroet.(Fam.Polyporace ae).

Action: To kill worms.

Indications: Taeniasis, ancylostomiasis, ascariasis; intestinal parasitosis with abdominal pain or with infantile malnutrition.

Usage: Of powdered Omphalia to be taken with hot water after meal, two or three times daily on three consecutive days.

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Areca Seed – Areca Catechu

Areca Seed – Areca Catechu

Areca catechu is the areca palm or areca nut palm, (Malay: Pinang), a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in either Malaysia or the Philippines. Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm ‘caccu.’

This palm is often erroneously called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the Piperaceae family.

Growth

It is a medium-sized and graceful palm tree growing straight to 20 m tall, with a trunk 10-15cm in diameter. The leaves are 1.5-2 m long, pinnate, with numerous, crowded leaflets. It is also known as Puga in Sanskrit, Supari in Marathi.

Characteristics

19th century drawing of Areca catechu

Areca catechu is grown for its commercially important seed crop, the areca nut. The seed contains alkaloids such as arecaine and arecoline, which when chewed is intoxicating and is also slightly addictive. Areca palms are grown in India, Malaysia, Taiwan and many other Asian countries for their seeds.

Etymology

Penang Island, off the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Fua Mulaku in the Maldives and Guwahati in Assam,coastal areas of Kerala and Karnataka in India, are some of the places named after a local name for areca nut.

Uses

The Areca palm is also used as an interior landscaping species. It is often used in large indoor areas such as malls and hotels. It won’t fruit or reach full size. Indoors it is a slow growing, low water, high light plant that is sensitive to spider mite and occasionally mealybug. The areca nut is also popular for chewing throughout some Asian countries such as Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippine, Malaysia, and India and the Pacific notably Papua New Guinea where it is very popular. Chewing areca nut is quite popular among working classes in Taiwan. The nut itself can be addictive and has direct link to mouth cancers. Areca nut in Taiwan will usually contain artificial additives such as limestone powder.

The extract of Areca catechu has been shown to have antidepressant properties, but it may be addictive.

Areca Seed is the dried ripe seed of Areca catechu L. (Fam. Palmae).

Action: To kill worms, to remove undigested food, to promote the flow of qi, and to stop malarial attacks.

Indications: Taeniasis, ascariasis, fasciolopsiasis; abdominal pain due to intestinal parasitosis; diarrhea and tenesmus due to accumulation of undigested food; edema and weakness of the legs; malaria.

Usage:For the treatment of taeniasis and fasciolopsi- asis

Areca catechu, areca palm, areca nut palmPinang, palm, tropical Pacific, Asia, east Africa, originated,  Malaysia, Philippines, Areca, Malabar, India, catechu, Malay,  palm ‘caccu

Dandelion

Dandelion

Dandelion is a rich source of vitamins A, B complex, C, and D, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, and zinc. Dandelion leaves are used to add flavor to salads, sandwiches, and teas.

The roots are used in some coffee substitutes, and the flowers are used to make wines.

Parts Used:

Dandelion leaves act as a diuretic, increasing the amount of urine the body produces. The leaves are used to stimulate the appetite and help digestion. Dandelion flower has antioxidant properties. Dandelion may also help improve the immune system.

Herbalists use dandelion root to detoxify the liver and gallbladder, and dandelion leaves to support kidney function.


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Podophyllum Peltatum

Podophyllum Peltatum

May Apple is also known by these names:  Mayapple, Devil’s Apple, Hog-apple, Indian Apple, American Mandrake, American May Apple, Racoonberry, Wild Lemon

Podophyllum peltatum, commonly called mayapple (also known as mandrake root, American mandrake, raccoon berry, wild lemon, Indian apple, duck’s foot, hog apple, umbrella plant, ground lemon), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to wooded areas of eastern North America.

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