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Shitake Mushroom

Shitake Mushroom

Action of Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract )
Shitake,a kind of precious fungus —
1) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) is found to be particularly valuable for treating all forms of hepatitis ,anti-tunour and liver protection,gene mutation prevention
2) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) can also lower blood levels of cholesterol and lipids,and has the function of anti-blood fat,prevent the blood platetet from clotting.
3) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) can adjust immunity,anti-aging.
Known alternatively as Black Mushroom or Chinese Mushroom, wild Shiitake grows in Asia only. The name derives from the Shii Tree, its preferred host, although Shiitake may also grow on oaks and beeches. Shiitake mushrooms have been cultivated in China and Japan for a thousand years.

Lentinan is the name of another much researched compound isolated from Shiitake mushrooms, named after the Latin genus name Lentinula. Lentinan is a polysaccharide that has been found to stimulate the human immune system to combat cancer.It is currently used in Asia as an intravenous cancer drug.
Arabinoxylanes, compounds resulting from Shiitake-on-rice fermentation, have also demonstrated significant anti-viral activity.
In particular, type 1 herpes simplex virus and HIV have been shown to respond to Shiitake mushroom extracts in clinical trials, although one study found that Lentinan by itself – isolated from the other active compounds of Shiitake – had no noticeable effect on HIV replication.
Additional studies have reported positive results with Shiitake mushroom extract in conditions of chronic fatigue syndromeand Candida,as well as for septic shock prevention.
In his book Mycelium Running, medicinal mushroom expert Paul Stamets also lists the following areas where research has shown Shiitake mushroom extract to have a beneficial effect: Blood Pressure; Blood Sugar; Cholesterol; Kidney Tonic; Liver Tonic; Sexual Potentiator; Stress; Breast Cancer; Liver Cancer; Prostate Cancer.

Although most westerners are now familiar with Shiitake as a food mushroom, few know that it’s also the most researched medicinal mushroom in Asia. As with other medicinal mushrooms, the research has largely focused on applications against cancer,94 but also on its anti-viral properties.
The benefit of using Shiitake mycelium extract as opposed to the mushroom fruit body is that there are compounds in the mycelium that don’t exist in the fruiting body or that may be in much higher concentration in the mycelium.
He most researched Shiitake mushroom extract is known as LEM, short for Lentinula Edodes Mycelia. (Shiitake’s Latin name is Lentinula edodes.) Research has found LEM to enhance the immune system,especially against bacterial infection.It’s also been reported to be anti-tumoral. 100 A 2005 study published findings that it killed melanoma cells while sparing non-diseased tissue.

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Virginia Creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia creeper, five-leaved ivy, or five-finger (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a woody vine native to eastern and central North America, in southeastern Canada, the eastern and central United States, eastern Mexico, and Guatemala, west as far as Manitoba, South Dakota, Utah and Texas.

A woody, dedicuous vine, Virginia Creeper can be high-climbing or trailing, 3-40 ft.; the structure on which it climbs is the limiting factor. Virginia Creeper climbs by means of tendrils with disks that fasten onto bark or rock.

Its leaves, with 5 leaflets, occasionally 3 or 7, radiating from the tip of the petiole, coarsely toothed, with a pointed tip, and tapered to the base, up to 6 inches long.

Leaves provide early fall color, turning brilliant mauve, red and purple. Inconspicuous flowers small, greenish, in clusters, appearing in spring. Fruit bluish, about 1/4 inch in diameter.

Virginia Creeper can be used as a climbing vine or ground cover, its leaves carpeting any surface in luxuriant green before turning brilliant colors in the fall.

Its tendrils end in adhesive-like tips, giving this vine the ability to cement itself to walls and therefore need no support. The presence of adhesive tips instead of penetrating rootlets also means it doesnt damage buildings the way some vines do. It is one of the earliest vines to color in the fall. A vigorous grower, it tolerates most soils and climatic conditions.

In years past, children learned a rhyme to help distinguish Virginia Creeper from the somewhat similar-looking and highly toxic Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans): Leaves of three, let it be; Leaves of five, let it thrive.

Poison Ivy leaflets are normally in groups of three, while those of Virginia Creeper are in groups of five.

The berries of Virginia Creeper can be harmful if ingested, however, and the rest of the plant contains raphides, which irritate the skin of some people.

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