Tag Archives: indus

Acacia Catechu

Acacia Catechu

English name: Black Catechu

Sankrit name: Khadir

Family: Fabaceae – Mimosoideae

Part used: Bark

Traditional uses: In Ayurvedic medicine, Acacia leaves, flowers, and pods have long been used to expel worms, to staunch bleeding, heal wounds, and suppress the coughing up of blood. Its strong astringent action is used to contract and toughen mucous membranes throughout the body in much the same way as witch hazel or oak bark.

Black Catechu is used internally for chronic catarrh of the mucous membranes, dysentery, and bleeding. In Chinese medicine it is used for poorly healing ulcers, weeping skin diseases, oral ulcers with bleeding, and traumatic injuries.

A small piece of cutch can be dissolved in the mouth to stop bleeding gums or heal canker sores. In Ayurvedic medicine, decoctions of the bark and heartwood are used for sore throats.

Decoctions made from the powdered leaves, stems, and pods are taken for shigella, malaria, dysentery, and diarrhea. The brew is both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.

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Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus is a Perennial, semi-aquatic and smelly plant, found in both temperate and subtemperate zones. It is upto 6 feet tall, aromatic, sword-shaped leaves and small, yellow/green flowers with branched rhizome.

Rhizome horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed, spongy within, 1.25-2.5 cm in thickness, pale to dark brown or ocassionally orange-brown in colour, leaves grass-like or sword shaped, long and slender flowers small, yellow-green, in spadix; berries green, angular,1-3 seeded; seeds oblong.

Traditional uses: It is a stimulating nervine antispasmodic, and a general tonic to the mind. As a rejuvenative for the brain and nervous system, it is used to promote cerebral circulation, to stimulate self-expression, and to help manage a wide range of symptoms in the head, including neuralgia, epilepsy, memory loss and shock.

It is used in the Phillipines for rheumatism and memory problems. In Korea, it is an ingredient in a type of moonshine called Immortals’ Booze.

Research in China has shown the essential oil in this rhizome to be sedating and neuroprotectant.

Scientific name: Acorus calamus

Sanskrit name: Vacha

Family: Araceae

Plant part used: Roots

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Boswellia Serrata

Boswellia Serrata

English name: Olibanum, Frankincense

Sanskrit name: Sallaki

Family: Burseraceae

Part used: Gum

Traditional uses: The gum is credited with astringent, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic, stomachic, emmenagogue and antiseptic properties.

It is reported to be useful in ulcers, tumours, goitre. It is used in the preparation of an ointment for sores and is used with butter in syphilis.

The gum resin is sweet, bitter, astringent, antipyretic, antidysenteric, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic, and emmenagogue.

It is useful in fevers, diaphoresis, convulsions, dysentery, urethrorrhea, orchiopathy, bronchitis, asthma, cough, stomatitis, syphilitic diseases, chronic laryngitis, jaundice and arthritis.

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Adhatoda Vasica

Adhatoda Vasica

Justicia adhatoda L. (Adulsa, Malabar Nut) is a medicinal plant native to Asia.

The plant grows wild in abundance all over Nepal, India, and the Pothohar region of Pakistan, particularly in the Pharwala area.

Botanical Name: Adhatoda vasica, Justicia adhatoda

English name: Malabar nut

Sanskrit name: Vasaka

Family: Acanthaceae

Part used: Leaves

Traditional uses: The plant is recommended for a variety of ailments such as bronchitis, asthma, fever, jaundice etc.

The leaves & roots are efficacious in coughs, arthritis, diarrhoea & dysentery and have the best haemostatic quality. Leaves are anti-inflammatory, analgesic, effective in skin disorders, cardiotonic.

This is one of the most potent anti tuberculosis drug. Vasicine is also reported for its anthelmintic and weak hypotensive activity.

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Coffee Arabica

Coffee Arabica

Scientific name: Coffee arabica

Common names: Coffee

Sanskrit name: Mlech-phala

Family: Rubiaceae

Plant part used: Seeds

Traditional uses:
Uses of Coffee as per the Traditional Indian Medicine:

  • Coffee is a palliative in spasmodic asthma, in whooping cough, delirium tremors, and hysterical affections and in the palpitation of the heart; it is highly recommended in cholera infantum; successful in chronic diarrhoea.
  • Coffee and caffeine have been used as diuretic in dropsy.
  • The alkaloid caffeine and its salts, e.g., caffeine, citras, caffeine soda benzoas, etc., are largely employed in medicine.
  • It is said that in early stages of typhoid fever, coffee is almost a specific.
  • Roasted coffee has disinfectant and deodorant properties.
  • A strong infusion of Black coffee is useful as an antisoporific in cases of poisoning such as by opium, alcohol and other stupefying or narcotic poisons.
  • Given in teaspoonful doses frequently at short intervals to patients after surgical operations it checks vomiting.

 

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