Tag Archives: mushroom

Shitake Mushroom

Shitake Mushroom

Action of Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract )
Shitake,a kind of precious fungus —
1) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) is found to be particularly valuable for treating all forms of hepatitis ,anti-tunour and liver protection,gene mutation prevention
2) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) can also lower blood levels of cholesterol and lipids,and has the function of anti-blood fat,prevent the blood platetet from clotting.
3) Shitake Mushroom Extract ( Lentinus edodes Extract ) can adjust immunity,anti-aging.
Known alternatively as Black Mushroom or Chinese Mushroom, wild Shiitake grows in Asia only. The name derives from the Shii Tree, its preferred host, although Shiitake may also grow on oaks and beeches. Shiitake mushrooms have been cultivated in China and Japan for a thousand years.

Lentinan is the name of another much researched compound isolated from Shiitake mushrooms, named after the Latin genus name Lentinula. Lentinan is a polysaccharide that has been found to stimulate the human immune system to combat cancer.It is currently used in Asia as an intravenous cancer drug.
Arabinoxylanes, compounds resulting from Shiitake-on-rice fermentation, have also demonstrated significant anti-viral activity.
In particular, type 1 herpes simplex virus and HIV have been shown to respond to Shiitake mushroom extracts in clinical trials, although one study found that Lentinan by itself – isolated from the other active compounds of Shiitake – had no noticeable effect on HIV replication.
Additional studies have reported positive results with Shiitake mushroom extract in conditions of chronic fatigue syndromeand Candida,as well as for septic shock prevention.
In his book Mycelium Running, medicinal mushroom expert Paul Stamets also lists the following areas where research has shown Shiitake mushroom extract to have a beneficial effect: Blood Pressure; Blood Sugar; Cholesterol; Kidney Tonic; Liver Tonic; Sexual Potentiator; Stress; Breast Cancer; Liver Cancer; Prostate Cancer.

Although most westerners are now familiar with Shiitake as a food mushroom, few know that it’s also the most researched medicinal mushroom in Asia. As with other medicinal mushrooms, the research has largely focused on applications against cancer,94 but also on its anti-viral properties.
The benefit of using Shiitake mycelium extract as opposed to the mushroom fruit body is that there are compounds in the mycelium that don’t exist in the fruiting body or that may be in much higher concentration in the mycelium.
He most researched Shiitake mushroom extract is known as LEM, short for Lentinula Edodes Mycelia. (Shiitake’s Latin name is Lentinula edodes.) Research has found LEM to enhance the immune system,especially against bacterial infection.It’s also been reported to be anti-tumoral. 100 A 2005 study published findings that it killed melanoma cells while sparing non-diseased tissue.

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Puff Ball

Puff Ball

A puffball is a member of any of several groups of fungus in the division Basidiomycota. The puffballs were previously treated as a taxonomic group called the Gasteromycetes or Gasteromycetidae, but they are now known to be a polyphyletic assemblage.

The distinguishing feature of all puffballs is that they do not have an open cap with spore-bearing gills. Instead, spores are produced internally, in a spheroidal fruiting body called a gasterothecium (gasteroid (‘stomach-like’) basidiocarp).

As the spores mature, they form a mass called a gleba in the centre of the fruiting body that is often of a distinctive color and texture.

The basidiocarp remains closed until after the spores have been released from the basidia. Eventually, it develops an aperture, or dries, becomes brittle, and splits, and the spores escape.

The spores of puffballs are statismospores rather than ballistospores, meaning they are not actively shot off the basidium. The fungi are called ‘puffballs’ because clouds of brown dust-like spores are emitted when the mature fruiting body bursts, or in response to impacts such as those of falling raindrops.

Puffballs and similar forms are thought to have evolved repeatedly (that is, in numerous independent events) from hymenomycetes by gasteromycetation, through secotioid stages.

Thus, ‘Gasteromycetes’ and ‘Gasteromycetidae’ are now considered to be descriptive, morphological terms (more properly gasteroid or gasteromycetes, to avoid taxonomic implications) but not valid cladistic terms.

Puffballs encompass the genera Calvatia, Calbovista and Lycoperdon.The true puffballs, of the Lycoperdales, do not consist of a visible stalk (stem).

The stalked puffballs, of the lycoperdales, do have a stalk which supports the gleba. None of the stalked puffballs are edible as they are tough and woody mushrooms.

The Hymenogastrales are the false puffballs. A gleba which is powdery on maturity is a feature of true puffballs, stalked puffballs and earthstars.

False puffballs are hard like rock or brittle. All false puffballs are inedible, as they are tough and bitter to taste. The genus Scleroderma, which has a young purple gleba, should also be avoided.

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