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Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species in the genus by most botanists). It is a member of the family Apiaceae (formerly the Umbelliferae).

It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.

It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, but has become widely naturalised in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses, and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe.

Florence fennel or finocchio is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.

Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail.

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Wild Buckwheat – Polygonum convolvulus

Wild Buckwheat – Polygonum convolvulus

Wild Buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus)

-annual with slender stems trailing on ground or twining about other plants; heart-shaped leaves with basal lobes and a small papery sheath that encircles stem at the leaf base; small green flowers.
-produces up to 1,000 seeds per plant
-confused with field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) which has creeping roots and trumpet-shaped flowers
-tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) (REGIONAL NOXIOUS) is similar but is an erect plant, not prostrate or twining

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Clove

Clove

Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. Cloves are native to the Maluku islands in Indonesia and used as a spice in cuisines all over the world.

Cloves are harvested primarily in Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

The clove tree is an evergreen that grows to a height ranging from 8–12 m, having large leaves and sanguine flowers in numerous groups of terminal clusters.

The flower buds are at first of a pale color and gradually become green, after which they develop into a bright red, when they are ready for collecting.

Cloves are harvested when 1.5–2 cm long, and consist of a long calyx, terminating in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals which form a small ball in the center.

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Chinese Gentian (Longdancao)

 Chinese Gentian (Longdancao)

Chinese Gentian is the dried root and rhizome of Gentiana Manshurica Kitag.The drug is collected in spring and autumn.

Pharmaceutical Name:

Radix Gentianae

Botanical Name:

Gentiana scabra Bge.
Gentiana triflora Pall.
Gentiana manshurica Kitag.

Common Name:

Chinese Gentian

Source of Earliest Record:

Shennong Bencao Jing

Part Used & Method for Pharmaceutical Preparations:

The roots, or rhizomes, are gathered in autumn , dried in the sun and cut into pieces.

Properties and Taste:

Bitter and cold

Meridian:

Liver, gall bladder and stomach

Functions:

To clear heat and dry dampness
To reduce fire in the liver

Indications and Combinations:

1. Damp-heat syndrome:

a) Damp-heat jaundice .
*Use with Oriental wormwood (Yinchenhao) and Capejasmine (Zhizi) .

b) Damp-heat leukorrhea manifested as pain and swelling in the genitals and eczema.
*Use with Phellodendron bark (Huangbai), Flavescent sophora root (Kushen) and Plantain seed (Cheqianzi).

2. Upward attack of liver fire manifested as headache, distending sensation in the head, red eyes, deafness and pain in the coastal regions.
*Use with Scutellaria root (Huangqin), Capejasmine (Zhizi), Bupleurum root (Chaihu) and Clematis stem (Mutong).

3. Fever, spasms and convulsions.
*Used with Uncaria stem (Gouteng) and Ox gallstone (Niuhuang).

Dosage:

3-10 g

Cautions:

This herb is contraindicated in cases with weakness and cold in the spleen and stomach.

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Alisma

Alisma

Alisma is a genus of flowering plants in the family Alismataceae, members of which are commonly known as water-plantains. The genus consists of aquatic plants with leaves either floating or submerged, found in a variety of still water habitats around the world (nearly worldwide).

The flowers are hermaphrodite, and are arranged in panicles, racemes, or umbels. Alisma flowers have six stamens, numerous free carpels in a single whorl, each with 1 ovule, and subventral styles. The fruit is an achene with a short beak.

 

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White Kidney Bean

White Kidney Bean

White Kidney Bean is an American natural. Long known to be a highly nutritious source of fiber and minerals, it is now thought to interfere with the absorption of complex carbohydrates (pasta, breads, potatoes, etc.); and as a “starch blocker,” White Kidney Bean is said to be very helpful as a support for weight loss programs.

Recent research indicates that supplemental White Kidney Bean may be able to support decreased risk of developing Type-2 diabetes and lower cholesterol.

Botanical: Phaseolus vulgaris
Family: Fabaceae (pea)- Leguminaceae (legume)

 

 

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