Tag Archives: seeds

Wild Buckwheat – Polygonum convolvulus

Wild Buckwheat – Polygonum convolvulus

Wild Buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus)

-annual with slender stems trailing on ground or twining about other plants; heart-shaped leaves with basal lobes and a small papery sheath that encircles stem at the leaf base; small green flowers.
-produces up to 1,000 seeds per plant
-confused with field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) which has creeping roots and trumpet-shaped flowers
-tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) (REGIONAL NOXIOUS) is similar but is an erect plant, not prostrate or twining

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Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species in the genus by most botanists). It is a member of the family Apiaceae (formerly the Umbelliferae).

It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.

It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, but has become widely naturalised in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses, and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe.

Florence fennel or finocchio is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.

Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail.

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Great Burdock Root Extract

Great Burdock Root Extract

Products name: Great Burdock Root Extract

Latin name: Arctium lappa L

Burdock Root is one of the foremost cleansing herbs, providing nourishing support for the blood, the liver, and the natural defense system.

It’s rich in Vitamins B-1, B-6, B-12, and E, plus manganese, copper, iron, zinc, sulfur, and more. You’ll find Burdock Root in many tonic formulas and special blends designed for internal cleansing.

Official Latin Name: Arctium lappa. Burdock is also known by the names Bardane, Clotburr, Beggars Buttons, Gypsy Rhubarb, Gobo, and Burr.

In traditional herbal texts, Burdock Root is described as a “blood purifier” or “alterative” and was believed to clear the bloodstream of toxins.

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Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus is a Perennial, semi-aquatic and smelly plant, found in both temperate and subtemperate zones. It is upto 6 feet tall, aromatic, sword-shaped leaves and small, yellow/green flowers with branched rhizome.

Rhizome horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed, spongy within, 1.25-2.5 cm in thickness, pale to dark brown or ocassionally orange-brown in colour, leaves grass-like or sword shaped, long and slender flowers small, yellow-green, in spadix; berries green, angular,1-3 seeded; seeds oblong.

Traditional uses: It is a stimulating nervine antispasmodic, and a general tonic to the mind. As a rejuvenative for the brain and nervous system, it is used to promote cerebral circulation, to stimulate self-expression, and to help manage a wide range of symptoms in the head, including neuralgia, epilepsy, memory loss and shock.

It is used in the Phillipines for rheumatism and memory problems. In Korea, it is an ingredient in a type of moonshine called Immortals’ Booze.

Research in China has shown the essential oil in this rhizome to be sedating and neuroprotectant.

Scientific name: Acorus calamus

Sanskrit name: Vacha

Family: Araceae

Plant part used: Roots

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Coriander Herb

Coriander Herb

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Coriander Herbs are also known as cilantro, particularly in the Americas.

Coriander Herbs is native to southwestern Asia and west to North Africa. These herb seeds is a soft, hairless plant growing to 50 cm 20 in tall.

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Bitter Apricot Seed

Bitter Apricot Seed

 

Source
The mature seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu Maxim. (Fam. Rosaceae).

Distribution
Mainly in Chinese provinces such as Liaoning, Hebei,and Shandong, and in Inner Mongolia. Mostly naturally grown; also cultivated.

Harvest & Processing
Collect fruits after maturation in summer; remove sarcocarp and husks; take out seeds; dry under the sun. Commonly used in Hong Kong are the seeds with the testa removed, called ‘ Beixing’ (North Bitter Apricot Seed).

Description
Flattened and cordate (heart-shaped); 1-1.9 cm long, 0.8-1.5 cm wide, 5-8 mm thick. Apex slightly pointed; base obtuse; two sides asymmetrical. Testa thin, brown to dull brown, with irregular wrinkles; one edge of the apex with a hilum, base with an elliptical chalaza; between hilum and chalaza is a raphe; numerous dark brown venous (vein-like) striae radiating from chalaza.

When seeds are soaked in warm boiled water and testa removed, 2 white cotyledons are exposed; cotyledons highly oleaginous (oily), with relatively small radicle and plumule at apex. Odourless; taste: bitter.

Indications
1. Cough
2. Constipation

Chemical Composition
Mainly contains amygdalin, chlorogenic acid, 3′-feruloylguinic acid, 3′-p-coumaroylquinic acid etc.

Note
According to C.P., also used for medicinal purposes is the mature seed of P. sibirica L., of P. mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne and of P. armeniaca L.

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