Tag Archives: volatile oil

Tea

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Tea

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Tea Folium Camelliae

(England) Tea

Alias – Tea.

Source – the camellia plants of tea Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze of young leaves or buds.

Plant Morphology – evergreen shrubs or small trees, high-1 ~ 6m. Twig and leaves are photogenic powder hair. Leaves alternate, thin-coriaceous, oval-shaped lanceolate to oval-shaped, long 4 ~ 10cm, width 2 ~ 3.5cm, apex acute or obtuse angle while the Weiao, producing wedge-shaped base, jagged edges; petiole short. Flowers solitary or 2 axillary, few 3 ~ 4 axillary, diameter 2.5 ~ 3.5cm; pedicel length 6 ~ 10mm, slightly drooping; sepal 5 ~ 6, when the accommodation deposit fruit; petals 5 ~ 8, round, white; ovary win, and three rooms, there is soft hair, style co-sheng, stigmas 3 crack. Capsules, or showed three round-shaped, each room there is a seed. Flowering 9 to 10 months, fruiting period in November.

South of the country of origin is now a wider cultivation.

Collect and process – 4 ~ 5 month in planting more than 3 years on the picking of tea leaves on the sprouts, fried bake, rub to dry.

Characters – leaves often curled, broken, complete person oval or broad lanceolate, leaf margin printed jagged, smooth upper surface hairless, lower surface slightly furry, leathery, petiole short. Gas fragrant and good fitness and taste bitter.

Chemical composition – containing caffeine (caffeine), theophylline (theophylline), cocoa beans alkali (theobromine), yellow purine (xanthine), tannins, volatile oil, quercetin, vitamin C, carotene, dihydro-ergosterol.

Of taste – slightly cold, bitter, sweet.

Indication – convergence, diuretic, refreshing. For Shenpi more sleep, headache and head faint, polydipsia, urine negative, alcohol poisoning.

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Rose

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Rose

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Flos Rosae Rugosae

Alias – Lake flowers, Rosa flowers.

Sources – for the Rosaceae Rose Rosa rugosa Thunb.’s Bud.

Plant Morphology – deciduous shrub, height of about 2m. Stem and branches are Picts, glandular, and dense was fluff. Alternate pinnate compound leaf; lobule 5 ~ 9, oval-shaped or oval-shaped obovate, long 2 ~ 5cm, fine serrated edge, the following are off-white soft dense hair, and glands; petiole, leaf axis villi, bristle and Picts ; stipule most attached to the petiole, the edge glandular spots; petiole often into the front of the base of the thorn of Health. Flowers solitary or several poly-Duo-sheng, a thick aroma; sepals 5, lanceolate; petals 5 or plena, purple to white; stamens majority of the receptacle was born on the edge of the faceplate; pistil majority of packages in the receptacle inside. Rosa fruit bian spherical, brick red, diameter of 2 ~ 2.5cm, florescence 5 ~ 8 months, fruit Issue 6 September.

Born in hills, valleys, around the cultivation. Distributed in the north-east and Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

Collect and process – will be open during spring and early summer flowers picked in batches, timely low-temperature drying.

Characters – showed massive hemispherical or irregular groups, diameter 1 ~ 2.5cm. Receptacle hemispherical, with the calyx base Hopson; sepals 5, lanceolate, yellow-green or brownish green, was the photogenic powder hair; petals more shrinkage, flattening after the wide-ovate, showing tile-shaped arrangement of fragrant, purple or brownish red. Body of light, crisp. Gas-rich aroma.

Chemical composition – containing volatile oil, mainly benzene, alcohol (phenylethanol), citronellol (citronellol), Long Geraniol (Geraniol), neroli (nerol), eugenol.

Of taste – and warm, sweet, slightly bitter flavor.

Indication – Qi Jieyu, and blood pain. For hepatogastric gas pain, eat less Oue, irregular menstruation, pain or flutter.

Roses, rose types, roses alias, roses sources, rose plant, rose plant morphology, plucking roses, roses traits, chemical composition of roses, roses of taste, roses function, the main function of roses governance, the details of roses, roses information, rose photographs, roses photographs, roses videos, Rose Photo Gallery

Ganoderma Lucidum

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Ganoderma Lucidum

English

Lucid Ganoderma

Alias
Ganoderma lucidum, red-zhi, wood fungus, fungus Ganoderma lucidum, years mushroom, Ganoderma grass
Source
Section fungus Ganoderma lucidum for the porous grate Ganoderma Iucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst. Fruiting bodies of
Plant morphology
Cap suberin, kidney-shaped, reddish brown, purpurin or dark purple, with lacquer-like luster, there are circular ribs and radial wrinkles, size and shape vary greatly, large individual cap for the 20 × 10cm, thickness about 2cm, usually an individual for the 4 × 3cm, thickness 0.5 ~ 1cm, following numerous small holes, pipe mouth was white or light brown, each containing 4 mm 5, pipe mouth circular, inner wall of hymenium, spores burden arising from the top. Stipe lateral, few side-sheng, longer than cap diameter, purple-brown to black, there are paint-like gloss, hard. Spores oval, 8 ~ 11 × 7cm, wall layers, wall brown, surface with small warts, outer wall colorless and transparent.
Summer and autumn was born more than broad-leaved trees of the wood piles next to the forest, or wood, timber and fallen trees, sometimes born in conifers, there are cultivated. Produced in Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi.
Collect and process
Can be taken throughout the year, dried.
Characters
Morphological See “Plant Morphology.” Gas special, slightly bitter taste
Chemical Composition
Main-containing amino acids, peptides, proteins, fungal lysozyme (fungal lysozyme), as well as sugars (reducing sugars and polysaccharides), ergosterol, triterpenes, coumarin glycoside, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloids, vitamin B2 and C, etc.; spores also contain mannitol, trehalose (trehalose), etc.
Of taste
Warm in nature, unleavened
Indication
Strong tonic. For the brain, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, kidney

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