If we talk of herbal medicine then our minds will drift into traditional medicine, herbal carrying, herbal shop that provides packaging for migraine headaches or colds. No one was because it entered the category of herbal medicines.
In other Asian countries, especially China, Korea and India for the rural population, herbal medicine into the first choice for treatment, developed countries even today the traditional tendency of switching mainly herbal kepengobatan symptoms showed significant improvement.
From the results of 2007 SUSENAS shows in Indonesia itself suffered pains Indonesian population of 28.15% and the amount was 65.01% of them chose their own treatment using the drug and the other 38.30% chose to use traditional medicine, so if the population of Indonesia is assumed to be 220 million people will who choose to use traditional medicine for about 23.7 million people, a very large amount.
Own traditional medicine according to Law No. 36/2009 on Health covers materials or ingredients of plant material, animal material, mineral materials, supplies sarian [galenik] or mixtures of these materials which were hereditary been used for treatment. In accordance with Article 100 paragraph (1) and (2), the source of traditional medicines that have been proven efficacious and safe in use will remain preserved and guaranteed by the Government for the development and maintenance of their raw materials.
Indonesia itself is a tropical area is unique and rich biodiversity that is extraordinary, recorded no less than 30,000 kinds of medicinal plants that grow in Indonesia, even though the product was recorded as Fitofarmaka [may be prescribed] there are 5 new products and herbal medicinal products there is a new standardized 28 products. Seen the potential that still have not explored is still very much in the development of herbal drugs which are mainly original Indonesian herbal product.
Year 2007 has been declared by the government that is Brand Herbal Indonesia, although in reality is still considered the lowest strata in the treatment because scientifically untested.
World Medical Indonesia itself is slowly starting to open up to accept the option to sabagai herbal treatment, not merely as an alternative treatment, this is evidenced by the establishment of several organizations such as the Board of Studies of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Doctors Association in Indonesia IDI XXVII Congress in 2009, the Union of Medical Herbal Doctor Indonesia [PDHMI], the Union Health Development Doctor East [PDPKT] and several other similar organizations.
This all illustrates the medical world although still wide open but the perpetrators, namely the doctors began to see great potential and it can be developed in herbal medicine-based treatment, not only to treat minor illnesses but also to cope with severe illness.
Community dependence on conventional drug medicine is expected to be replaced by the entry of herbal medicine, when in fact 95% of raw materials in conventional medicine is still imported, how much foreign exchange could be saved if this transition go smoothly.
Entering the year 2010, Ministry of Health Research and Development Agency is leading an effort that is very commendable and worthy of full support is by making models “Healthy House” or “Herbal Clinic”, this model will apply the use of herbs as drugs given to patients doctors, a breakthrough that is supported by government policy and will be tested area of Central Java in early 2010. Chosen Central Java may also be at the discretion of the company at this time many herbs on a small scale to large, located in Central Java and the Javanese custom of drinking herbal medicine long ago.
In collaboration with the GP Jamu [Joint Entrepreneur Herbal] as a provider of herbal medicinal needs, Home Health will be led by the Doctor in charge and it’s exciting enough doctors and registered interested to learn and explore herbal remedies.
It still requires a lot of preparation, both mentally from the doctors who prescribe and patients to change the perception that herbal medicine or “herbal drink” is outdated, we should be able to accept the fact that times have changed, the example of China who courageously give choice to patients to use the treatment with conventional or traditional medicine.
It is time also for companies that care about the medicinal properties as well as to begin menerapka quality standards such as GMP, SNI, CPOTB to HACCP for public confidence on the quality of the product could be obtained.
Support from all sides, both the perpetrators of farmers who are expected to give herbs processed with high quality, involvement of the private universities and tingga to test efficacy of herbal medicine, ease of regulation and government support in this case the Department of Health and BPOM will make Indonesia become one of the leading countries that produce high quality Herbal Medicine and Traditional Medicine, especially making Herbal Alternative Medicine is not just a mere.
BAMBO STRING :
(asparagua cochinchinenesis (Lour.) Merr.)
Family : Liliaceae
Region : Asparagus,
Chemical properties: saponin, aglycone, protosarsapogenin, asaparagine, glucose, fruktose, 5-methoxy-methylfurfural, beta-sitosterol.
Pharmacological effects: In traditional Chinese medicine and other plants mentioned are in the nature – taste sweet, bitter, cold. Sign meridian lungs and kidneys, nourish Yin, clear the lungs and reduce the heat, stimulates the production of body fluids, anti-toxic, anti-neoplastic and anti piretik.
Plant part used : Dried tubers
How to cultivation :
Using tubers or seeds, maintenance easy enough to maintain soil moisture and fertilizer base and enough sunlight. As a medicinal plant then the plant should not be sprayed with pesticides.
The disease can be cured and how to use it.
Latin name: Lagerstromeia speciosa Pers
Name of area: Bhungor; Wungur; ketangi; Laban; Wungu
Description of plants: trees, height can reach 45 m, usually between 25-30 feet, branching. Stems pale brown to red brown. Perbungaan of malai, purple.
Habitat: Growing in the arid and infertile land in forest or plant protection on the plain side of the road 1-900 m above sea level.
Plant part used: Bark
Chemical Ingredients: Tanin; Alkaloid; saponin; Terpene; Glucose
Benefits: Antidiarrhoeals; Diuretics; antidiabetik
Name simplesia: Lagerstroemiae speciosae Cortex, Lagerstroemiae speciosae Folium
The traditional recipe:
Lagerstroemia leaves fresh 8 g; Seed 9 g of green beans; Water 110 ml, Created infusion, drink 1 a day 100 ml.
FLOWER FOUR O’CLOCK
Latin name: mirabilis Jalapa L
Name of area: Kembang early afternoon; Flowers tete what; Lorelaka; Bodoko sina; Turaga; bele de nuit
Description of plant: Herbaceous plant, grow up, to 50 cm high, red flowers, white or yellow, blooming in the afternoon and closed in the morning
Habitat: Growing in the garden as an ornamental plant, with enough sunshine in the lowlands to 1200 m above sea level
Plant part used: Roots
Chemical Ingredients: alkaloids trigonelia
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory; Diuretics
Name simplesia: Mirabilidis radix
The traditional recipe:
Tonsillitis, Inflammation of the prostate:
The root of fresh flowers at four 10 g; Water in moderation, juice or Created dipipis, Dikompreskan on the affected part
Latin name: Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb)
Name of area: Senggugu; Tumbak king
Description of plants: bare clumps, 1-3 m. high Trunk filled with fine hair. Single leaves, stemmed, where the deal. Leaf blade broad oval, base heart-shaped leaves, old leaves bercangap menjari, the length can reach 30 cm. The flowers are red compound interest, consist of small flowers that come together to form a pyramid, out of the end of the shaft. The fruit is round.
Habitat: Growing in the yard or on the street
Plant part used: roots; Leaf
Chemical Ingredients: Alkoloid; Salt Potassium; Substance Samak
Benefits: anti-inflammatory; Diuretics; Sedatives; Hemostatis
Name simplesia: Clerodendri Radix
The traditional recipe:
Daan ulcer Scabby:
Pagoda flower petals 7 sheets; Honey 25 ml 110 ml water, Boiling boil for 15 minutes, drink morning and evening
Pagoda flower roots 25 g; 110 ml water, Boiling boil, taken 2 times a day
Latin name: Tinospora tuberculata Beumee
Name of area: Andowali; Antawali; Putrawali; gadel Leaf
Description of plants: Perdu climb. Trunk of the ring finger, with many eyes and warts, irregular, bitter, not hard and glassy. Heart-shaped leaves, or an arrow with a long handle and large. Flowers light green, three-strand in the institution and not perfect. Fruit bunches are in the pink
Habitat: Grows wild in the woods and the fields
Plant part used: Batang; Leaf
Chemical Ingredients: Pikoretine; Alkaloida; Berberin; Columbine
Benefits: Antipiretikum; tonic; Antiperiodikum; Diuretikum; antidiabetik
Name simplesia: Tinosporae Caulis
The traditional recipe:
Tinospora cordifolia stem 3 g; Leaf Sembung 6 g; Leaf cat whiskers 4 g; Rhizome galangal 4 g; 110 ml water, Dipis, boiled or pill, taken twice a day 1 of 50 ml.
Tinospora cordifolia stem 2 g; Rhizome kencur 7 g; Seed sledri 2 g; young cashew leaves 5 g; Water 110 ml, or dipipis Created infusion, drink 1 a day 100 ml, if made pipisan taken 1 time a day 1 / 4 cup
Tinospora cordifolia stem to taste; Water 1 pot, Boiling boil for 15 minutes, used to soak themselves, especially on the part of the itching.
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