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Clove

Clove

Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. Cloves are native to the Maluku islands in Indonesia and used as a spice in cuisines all over the world.

Cloves are harvested primarily in Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

The clove tree is an evergreen that grows to a height ranging from 8–12 m, having large leaves and sanguine flowers in numerous groups of terminal clusters.

The flower buds are at first of a pale color and gradually become green, after which they develop into a bright red, when they are ready for collecting.

Cloves are harvested when 1.5–2 cm long, and consist of a long calyx, terminating in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals which form a small ball in the center.

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Bitter Apricot Seed

Bitter Apricot Seed

 

Source
The mature seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu Maxim. (Fam. Rosaceae).

Distribution
Mainly in Chinese provinces such as Liaoning, Hebei,and Shandong, and in Inner Mongolia. Mostly naturally grown; also cultivated.

Harvest & Processing
Collect fruits after maturation in summer; remove sarcocarp and husks; take out seeds; dry under the sun. Commonly used in Hong Kong are the seeds with the testa removed, called ‘ Beixing’ (North Bitter Apricot Seed).

Description
Flattened and cordate (heart-shaped); 1-1.9 cm long, 0.8-1.5 cm wide, 5-8 mm thick. Apex slightly pointed; base obtuse; two sides asymmetrical. Testa thin, brown to dull brown, with irregular wrinkles; one edge of the apex with a hilum, base with an elliptical chalaza; between hilum and chalaza is a raphe; numerous dark brown venous (vein-like) striae radiating from chalaza.

When seeds are soaked in warm boiled water and testa removed, 2 white cotyledons are exposed; cotyledons highly oleaginous (oily), with relatively small radicle and plumule at apex. Odourless; taste: bitter.

Indications
1. Cough
2. Constipation

Chemical Composition
Mainly contains amygdalin, chlorogenic acid, 3′-feruloylguinic acid, 3′-p-coumaroylquinic acid etc.

Note
According to C.P., also used for medicinal purposes is the mature seed of P. sibirica L., of P. mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne and of P. armeniaca L.

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Boswellia Serrata

Boswellia Serrata

English name: Olibanum, Frankincense

Sanskrit name: Sallaki

Family: Burseraceae

Part used: Gum

Traditional uses: The gum is credited with astringent, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic, stomachic, emmenagogue and antiseptic properties.

It is reported to be useful in ulcers, tumours, goitre. It is used in the preparation of an ointment for sores and is used with butter in syphilis.

The gum resin is sweet, bitter, astringent, antipyretic, antidysenteric, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic, and emmenagogue.

It is useful in fevers, diaphoresis, convulsions, dysentery, urethrorrhea, orchiopathy, bronchitis, asthma, cough, stomatitis, syphilitic diseases, chronic laryngitis, jaundice and arthritis.

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Coffee Arabica

Coffee Arabica

Scientific name: Coffee arabica

Common names: Coffee

Sanskrit name: Mlech-phala

Family: Rubiaceae

Plant part used: Seeds

Traditional uses:
Uses of Coffee as per the Traditional Indian Medicine:

  • Coffee is a palliative in spasmodic asthma, in whooping cough, delirium tremors, and hysterical affections and in the palpitation of the heart; it is highly recommended in cholera infantum; successful in chronic diarrhoea.
  • Coffee and caffeine have been used as diuretic in dropsy.
  • The alkaloid caffeine and its salts, e.g., caffeine, citras, caffeine soda benzoas, etc., are largely employed in medicine.
  • It is said that in early stages of typhoid fever, coffee is almost a specific.
  • Roasted coffee has disinfectant and deodorant properties.
  • A strong infusion of Black coffee is useful as an antisoporific in cases of poisoning such as by opium, alcohol and other stupefying or narcotic poisons.
  • Given in teaspoonful doses frequently at short intervals to patients after surgical operations it checks vomiting.

 

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